The purpose of the workshop was to support the Welsh Government in its endeavour to strengthen evidence-based pedagogical principles for initial teacher education programmes, and support building greater capacity for research in teacher education in Wales, at the school, programme and institutional levels.

Who's who in ITP in Wales?

From 13-14 March 2017, the OECD Review Team spoke to more than around 50 different stakeholders in initial teacher preparation – Welsh Government, regional education consortia, The Higher Education Funding Council for Wales, Estyn, Education Workforce Council, teacher education institutions and schools – in Wales. From 15-17 March 2017, the OECD Review Team worked with stakeholders to start to develop an initial framework for research and teacher education in Wales.

Meet the stakeholders
National ministry of education

National ministry of education

Education Directorate, Welsh Government

The Education Directorate, part of the Education and Public Services Group (formerly the Department for Education and Skills), Welsh Government (WG) is composed of the following four divisions: Curriculum, Curriculum Review, Schools Effectiveness and Support for Learners, as well as the Workforce Strategy Unit. The Workforce Strategy Unit is responsible for the reform of initial teacher education in Wales; general school workforce issues; matters relating to teachers’ pensions, workforce planning and pay and conditions; and management of policy in relation to stakeholder engagement particularly with regard to industrial relations with education workforce unions.

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ITE Reform Branch, Welsh Government

The ITE Reform Branch, located within the Workforce Strategy Unit (WSU) in the Welsh Government, is responsible for reform of initial teacher education (ITE) in Wales, including the new ITE programme accreditation guidelines. The ITE Reform Branch works closely with other branches within the WG, such as the Education Workforce Analytical & Data Branch (WSU); Policy Standards and Frameworks team (Curriculum Division); research colleagues in Knowledge and Analytical Services; and colleagues in HE Strategy and Policy (Economy Skills and Natural Resources Directorate).

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Education Workforce Council

The Education Workforce Council (EWC), established by the Education (Wales) Act 2014, is responsible for:

  • administering the award of Qualified Teacher Status (QTS)
  • administering funding, tracking and recording arrangements for Induction, and the Masters in Educational Practice
  • developing and hosting the Professional Learning Passport;
  • hearing induction appeals and issuing induction certificates
  • establishing the initial teacher education accreditation committee within the EWC and preparing to accredit programmes.

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Estyn

Led by Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Education and Training in Wales, Estyn provides independent and objective judgements on the provision of education and training in Wales. The latest Chief Inspector’s Report (2016-17) describes Estyn’s collaboration with the Welsh Government and the Education Workforce Council (EWC) to contribute to the reform of initial teacher education in Wales. Estyn is a member of the Initial Teacher Education Expert Forum and it will inspect the newly accredited programmes from September 2019. Between 2010 and 2017, Estyn inspected all three centres of initial teacher education and carried out re-inspection and monitoring visits between 2014 and 2017.

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Higher Education Funding Council for Wales

The Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (HEFCW) regulates fee levels at universities, ensures a framework is in place for assessing the quality of higher education, and scrutinises the performance of universities and other designated providers. In relation to ITE, HEFCW has specific responsibilities including:

  • accrediting providers of ITE for school teachers, in accordance with criteria specified by the Welsh Government
  • working with Estyn to ensure that the universities providing ITE in Wales continue to meet requirements and that their provision enables students to achieve Qualified Teacher Status (QTS)
  • determining ITE intake targets annually for each provider in line with national intake targets set by the Welsh Government
  • commissioning research to improve the standards of teachers and teacher training
  • promoting best practice and supporting ITE providers’ development strategies with funding.

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The ITE Reform Branch, located within the Workforce Strategy Unit (WSU) in the Welsh Government, is responsible for reform of initial teacher education (ITE) in Wales, including the new ITE programme accreditation guidelines. The ITE Reform Branch works closely with other branches within the WG, such as the Education Workforce Analytical & Data Branch (WSU); Policy Standards and Frameworks team (Curriculum Division); research colleagues in Knowledge and Analytical Services; and colleagues in HE Strategy and Policy (Economy Skills and Natural Resources Directorate).

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The Education Workforce Council (EWC), established by the Education (Wales) Act 2014, is responsible for:

  • administering the award of Qualified Teacher Status (QTS)
  • administering funding, tracking and recording arrangements for Induction, and the Masters in Educational Practice
  • developing and hosting the Professional Learning Passport;
  • hearing induction appeals and issuing induction certificates
  • establishing the initial teacher education accreditation committee within the EWC and preparing to accredit programmes.

Learn more

Led by Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Education and Training in Wales, Estyn provides independent and objective judgements on the provision of education and training in Wales. The latest Chief Inspector’s Report (2016-17) describes Estyn’s collaboration with the Welsh Government and the Education Workforce Council (EWC) to contribute to the reform of initial teacher education in Wales. Estyn is a member of the Initial Teacher Education Expert Forum and it will inspect the newly accredited programmes from September 2019. Between 2010 and 2017, Estyn inspected all three centres of initial teacher education and carried out re-inspection and monitoring visits between 2014 and 2017.

Learn more 

The Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (HEFCW) regulates fee levels at universities, ensures a framework is in place for assessing the quality of higher education, and scrutinises the performance of universities and other designated providers. In relation to ITE, HEFCW has specific responsibilities including:

  • accrediting providers of ITE for school teachers, in accordance with criteria specified by the Welsh Government
  • working with Estyn to ensure that the universities providing ITE in Wales continue to meet requirements and that their provision enables students to achieve Qualified Teacher Status (QTS)
  • determining ITE intake targets annually for each provider in line with national intake targets set by the Welsh Government
  • commissioning research to improve the standards of teachers and teacher training
  • promoting best practice and supporting ITE providers’ development strategies with funding.

Learn more 

Sub-national authorities

Sub-national authorities

Regional Education Consortia

The Regional Education Consortium was re-established following the release of the National Model for School Improvement by the Welsh Government in February 2014. The 4 regional consortia work closely with schools, 22 local authorities and the ITE Reform Branch to improve standards in schools and educational outcomes for children. They are responsible for the recruitment, training and deployment of external verifiers.

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The four regional consortia

There are four formal education consortia in Wales:

  • Central South Consortium Joint Education Service: Bridgend County Borough Council, Cardiff Council, Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council, Rhondda Cynon Taff County Borough Council, Vale of Glamorgan County Borough Council Link
  • South East Wales Education Achievement Service: Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council, Caerphilly County Borough Council, Monmouthshire County Borough Council, Newport City Council, Torfaen County Borough Council Link
  • ERW : Carmarthenshire County Council, Ceredigion County Council, Neath and Port Talbot County Borough Council, Pembrokeshire County Council, Powys County Council, City and County of Swansea Link
  • GwE : Conwy County Borough Council, Denbighshire County Council, Flintshire County Council, Gwynedd Council, Isle of Anglesey County Council, Wrexham County Borough Council.

There are four formal education consortia in Wales:

  • Central South Consortium Joint Education Service: Bridgend County Borough Council, Cardiff Council, Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council, Rhondda Cynon Taff County Borough Council, Vale of Glamorgan County Borough Council Link
  • South East Wales Education Achievement Service: Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council, Caerphilly County Borough Council, Monmouthshire County Borough Council, Newport City Council, Torfaen County Borough Council Link
  • ERW : Carmarthenshire County Council, Ceredigion County Council, Neath and Port Talbot County Borough Council, Pembrokeshire County Council, Powys County Council, City and County of Swansea Link
  • GwE : Conwy County Borough Council, Denbighshire County Council, Flintshire County Council, Gwynedd Council, Isle of Anglesey County Council, Wrexham County Borough Council.
Teacher education institutions

Teacher education institutions

Teacher education institutions

There are nine higher education institutions in Wales, in addition to The Open University, of which five provide initial teacher education in 63 programmes organised in three centres:

  • North and Mid Wales Centre for Teacher Education: Bangor University and Aberystwyth University
  • South West Wales Centre of Teacher Education (SWWCTE): University of Wales, Trinity Saint David (TSD), and Swansea and Carmarthen
  • South East Wales Centre for Teacher Education and Training (SEWCTET): University of South Wales and Cardiff Metropolitan University.

Teacher educators

Currently, each teacher education institution in Wales selects teacher educators based on their own criteria, and there is no mandated professional development for teacher educators. However, new accreditation criteria set clear requirements of teacher educators.

Teacher candidates

To teach in a Welsh public school, teacher candidates must have Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) by following an initial teacher education programme and be registered with the Education Workforce Council (EWC).

University of Wales Trinity Saint David

Criteria for selection: Located in Southwest Wales, the University of Wales Trinity Saint David was established in 2010 through the merger of the University of Wales Lampeter and Trinity University College, Carmarthen. In 2013, the university also merged with the Swansea Metropolitan University.

Number of programmes: 15 (2016)

No. of enrolments: 373 (primary and secondary education) (2016)

Cardiff Metropolitan University

Criteria for selection: Cardiff Metropolitan University is one of the largest ITE providers in Wales. It is part of the South East Wales Centre for Teacher Education and Training.

Number of programmes: 15 (2016)

No. of enrolments: 303 (primary and secondary education) (2016)

Aberystwyth University

Criteria for selection: Founded in 1892, the School of Education offers Master and post-graduate research degrees, in addition to professional development programmes. It is part of the North and Mid Wales Centre for Teacher Education.

Number of programmes: 10 (2016)

No. of enrolments: 55 (secondary education) (2016)

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Bangor University

Criteria for selection: Located in North Wales, the School of Education provides a wide range of courses leading to honours degrees and certificates and a range of postgraduate qualifications. Courses can be pursued through the medium of Welsh or English or bilingually.

Number of programmes: 18 (Under- and Postgraduate) (2016)

No. of enrolments: 190 (primary and secondary education) (2016)

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University of South Wales

Criteria for selection: ????

Number of programmes: 1

No. of enrolments: 4 (secondary)

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Criteria for selection: Located in Southwest Wales, the University of Wales Trinity Saint David was established in 2010 through the merger of the University of Wales Lampeter and Trinity University College, Carmarthen. In 2013, the university also merged with the Swansea Metropolitan University.

Number of programmes: 15 (2016)

No. of enrolments: 373 (primary and secondary education) (2016)

Criteria for selection: Cardiff Metropolitan University is one of the largest ITE providers in Wales. It is part of the South East Wales Centre for Teacher Education and Training.

Number of programmes: 15 (2016)

No. of enrolments: 303 (primary and secondary education) (2016)

Criteria for selection: Founded in 1892, the School of Education offers Master and post-graduate research degrees, in addition to professional development programmes. It is part of the North and Mid Wales Centre for Teacher Education.

Number of programmes: 10 (2016)

No. of enrolments: 55 (secondary education) (2016)

Learn more

Criteria for selection: Located in North Wales, the School of Education provides a wide range of courses leading to honours degrees and certificates and a range of postgraduate qualifications. Courses can be pursued through the medium of Welsh or English or bilingually.

Number of programmes: 18 (Under- and Postgraduate) (2016)

No. of enrolments: 190 (primary and secondary education) (2016)

Learn more

Criteria for selection: ????

Number of programmes: 1

No. of enrolments: 4 (secondary)

Learn more 

Teacher educators
Teacher candidates
Schools

Schools

Schools

Under section 14 of the Education Act 1996, local authorities are under a duty to ensure that there are sufficient primary and secondary schools in their area to provide all pupils with the opportunity of an appropriate education. There are the following categories of maintained school in Wales: community schools, which are run by the local authority; community special schools; schools run by a voluntary organisation but controlled by the local authority; schools run by a voluntary organisation; foundation schools, which are owned either by the governing body or by a charitable foundation; and maintained nursery schools.

Pioneer schools are a network of more than 100 innovative schools in Wales working in partnership with the regional education consortia to develop and realise the new curriculum.

Teachers

Teachers attain qualified teacher status (QTS) upon completion of an ITE programme, but they need to register with the Education Workforce Council to receive comprehensive induction as a newly qualified teacher (NQT).

School management

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  • Experienced teachers

    The National Professional Qualification for Headship (NPQH) assessment programme is specifically for practitioners who are aspiring to be head teachers. Aspiring head teachers are practitioners who are intending to move into headship in the immediate future as their next career step and are able to meet the Leadership Standards.

  • 2nd career teachers

    ?

  • Mentor teachers

    1) External mentors

    External verifiers (EV) arrange induction and work with the induction mentor (IM) to ensure newly qualified teachers (NQTs) receive high quality mentoring and supervision. The EV makes the recommendation to the appropriate body on the outcome of the induction period. EVs must have Qualified Teacher Status (QTS); be an experienced classroom practitioner; be employed in an educational setting, or have retired from an educational setting within the last two years; have excellent coaching and mentoring skills; and have an excellent understanding of the statutory induction arrangements and the Practising Teacher Standards.

    2) School-based mentors

    The induction mentor (IM) provides day-to-day support to the newly qualified teacher (NQT) and works with the external verifier to ensure the NQTs receive high quality mentoring and supervision and to provide a recommendations to the appropriate body on the outcome of the induction period. IMs will usually be based in the same school as the NQT but may also be deployed across a number of schools or work with a group of supply teachers.

  • New teachers

    Since 2003, all newly qualified teachers (NQTs) must complete a full induction period supported by a mentor. For NQTs employed on a full time basis this is 3 school terms. For NQTs employed on a part time basis or as a short term supply teacher this is 380 sessions, the equivalent of 3 school terms. Since September 2016, the NQT Programme for induction and mentoring has been co-ordinated by the regional consortia.

St Joseph’s RC High School

Criteria for selection: St Joseph’s is a secondary Catholic voluntary aided school near Cardiff. It has been running leadership and management courses since 2010.

Location: Newport

Enrolments: 1 400

Teaching staff: ??????

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Fern Federation, Craig Yr Hesg Primary School

Criteria for selection: Fern Federation is a public school located in a disadvantaged area near Cardiff. It is composed of two small primary schools. A partnership school with Cardiff Metropolitan University, it is also a pioneer school, one of 20 schools established in 2015 charged with developing the new curriculum based on the principles of the Donaldson report.

Location: Glyncoch, Pontypridd

Enrolments: 200

Teaching staff:  ????

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Craig Yr Hesg Primary School

Home

Criteria for selection: St Joseph’s is a secondary Catholic voluntary aided school near Cardiff. It has been running leadership and management courses since 2010.

Location: Newport

Enrolments: 1 400

Teaching staff: ??????

Learn more 

Criteria for selection: Fern Federation is a public school located in a disadvantaged area near Cardiff. It is composed of two small primary schools. A partnership school with Cardiff Metropolitan University, it is also a pioneer school, one of 20 schools established in 2015 charged with developing the new curriculum based on the principles of the Donaldson report.

Location: Glyncoch, Pontypridd

Enrolments: 200

Teaching staff:  ????

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Craig Yr Hesg Primary School

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School management
Experienced teachers
2nd career teachers
Mentor teachers
New teachers
National associations

National associations

Teacher unions

There are several associations in Wales, which have all engaged with the ITE reform during public consultation of the revised ITE accreditation. The teaching professions in Wales are represented by the following associations:

  • The Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL)
  • The Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL)
  • National Association of Head Teachers (NAHT)
  • National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers (NASUWT)
  • Voice
Universities Wales

Universities Wales (Unis Wales) represents the interests of universities in Wales. It is a member of the National Council of Universities UK and has three key areas of activity:

  • building reputation – enhancing Wales’ universities’ reputation across the globe
  • advocacy – representing the collective interests of Wales’ universities
  • developing policy – providing a realistic evidence base for its own policy work, and for proposals by others.

Learn more

Universities Wales (Unis Wales) represents the interests of universities in Wales. It is a member of the National Council of Universities UK and has three key areas of activity:

  • building reputation – enhancing Wales’ universities’ reputation across the globe
  • advocacy – representing the collective interests of Wales’ universities
  • developing policy – providing a realistic evidence base for its own policy work, and for proposals by others.

Learn more

Teacher unions

Teacher unions

Teacher unions

There are two main teacher unions is Wales, both of which have engaged with the Welsh Government and other stakeholders on ITE reform. The teacher unions raised several issues related to capacity and capability during the public consultation on the revised ITE accreditation criteria. Specifically that any change to the delivery of ITE would need to carefully consider the impact on teachers’ workload.

The teaching professions in Wales are represented by the following trade unions:

  • National Union of Teachers (NUT)
  • Undeb Cenedlaethol Athrawon Cymru (UCAC)

The OECD ITP study focused on which levels of education in Wales?

WALES’ FOCUS WAS ON PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION

Who contributed to
the OECD Wales study?

A national co-ordinator was nominated by each participating country to manage the ITP study with the OECD and the OECD Review Team.

Meet the team
NATIONAL
CO-ORDINATORS
OECD
REVIEW TEAM
NATIONAL
CO-ORDINATORS
Eithne Hughes
ITE Advisor
Welsh Government
Gemma Nye
Head, Initial Teacher Education and Research
Reform, Welsh Government
Julie Owens
Initial Training Manager
Welsh Government
OECD
REVIEW TEAM
Hannah von Ahlefeld
Project Lead, 
OECD Initial Teacher 
Preparation Study
Gaby Hostens
Former advisor to the Minister
of Education, Flanders
Yoon Young Lee
Consultant, OECD Initial
Teacher Preparation Study
Kjetil Helgeland
Analyst, OECD Initial
Teacher Preparation Study
Karlijn de Jong
Teacher educator, University
of Applied Sciences Leiden,
Netherlands
Kirsti Klette
Professor, University of
Oslo, Norway
Ee Ling Low
Professor, Nanyang Technological
University, Singapore
Edmund Misson
Deputy Chief Executive
Officer, AITSL, Australia
Emily Rainey
Professor, University
of Pittsburgh
Nóra Révai
Analyst, OECD
Danielle Toon
Manager
Learning First
Australia

OECD wishes to thank…

The OECD is grateful to the Welsh Government and all meeting participants for their valuable contribution to our workshop.